FAQ | powerQuad

Our Expertly answered FAQs

Begin your energy storage journey here!

Below is list of questions we get asked most often.

Scroll down for FAQ’s on portable power.


General FAQ’s

What are the benefits of energy storage?

Home energy storage systems make the most of electricity by storing it so you can use the energy when you need it. Energy is typically stored from excess solar energy or the national grid. They are particularly useful for people with home renewable energy systems who can use more of the clean energy they generate at home, by accessing renewable energy during periods of high grid demand. 

If you already have home renewable energy, an energy storage system can reduce your fuel bills and carbon emissions. The fuel bill savings are dependent on the system installed and how it is used. powerQuad automates much of this for you using its smart systems. 

This smart system allows you to keep track of your energy use via the app and to decide when to charge your storage unit and when to draw power from it. 

What is energy storage?

Energy storage is the process of storing energy in a different form in preparation for the required form. 

The UK has a proud history of energy storage, with the oldest being pumped storage. This requires two reservoirs at different altitudes. Water is pumped to the upper reservoir using excess energy and then released to the lower reservoir through power turbines. 

powerQuad uses batteries. Batteries store energy using chemicals in preparation for future use as electrical energy. 

Batteries come in various types, with new technology and research batteries are developing at a faster pace due to increasing demand. Think about AA batteries; Alkaline batteries are single use, and lithium batteries are rechargeable. There are other chemical forms of batteries available. 

Your internal combustion engine car battery is lead acid and your mobile phone is lithium ion. Battery types vary depending upon their application, rate of use, and power requirements. The rate that energy is stored (charging) can vary, it can be rapid or a trickle. Rapid energy charging means that the batteries are fed energy at the fastest rate possible. Trickle charge is a term typically used to keep a battery ‘topped up’. 

powerQuad uses batteries that enable a deep cycle charge and discharge. They provide power immediately and can also be charged quickly and slowly. This makes them ideal for both excess grid energy and solar generation. 

What is energy demand?

The demand for electrical energy varies during the day, week, month and year. For a typical day, household demand is high first thing in the morning, and in the early evening. It is at its lowest during the night and weekly working hours. Industrial demand is highest during the working day, and lowest at the weekend. 

Energy demand is higher during the winter period, due to lower temperatures and shorter days of light. 

During the low demand periods there is often ‘excess’ energy being generated, and so the cost per kWh is lower. It is this excess energy that is most suitable for energy storage in a powerQuad to provide power during high demand and higher energy prices. 

Is renewable energy reliable?

In the UK the top three methods of renewable energy generation are wind, solar, and hydro. 

Renewables produce more than 20% of the UK’s electricity. 

UK offshore wind is a world leader and can generate 20 Giga Watts of energy. One difficulty is the energy may be generated at times of low demand, such as at night. Likewise, with solar electricity generation, this is both cyclically by day and by season. 

Storing this energy spreads the access of renewable energy throughout the day or to weekly periods of higher demand. 

What is my carbon footprint?

Everyone has a different carbon footprint. Your carbon footprint is the collection of all carbon emissions created throughout your day. No carbon footprint is precise as it is an estimation. You can calculate yours from the WWF calculator here: http://footprint.wwf.org.uk/ 

There are many things you can do to reduce your carbon footprint. Here at powerQuad we aim to reduce yours by powering your home using renewable sources. 

By understanding kWh and your carbon footprint you can begin to reduce it and not only save you money but also improve the environment. 

Why is electricity expensive?

Both gas and electricity energy prices are increasing. 

All national electricity grids get their power from numerous sources, typically gas and coal or nuclear power stations. More recently in the last decade wind and solar farms have begun to play a major role. All these forms have different base costs for generating energy, so as the consumer you can access any number of these. 

Most energy is generated using high cost ‘fuels’ such as coal or gas. Disrupted supply chains cause fluctuations in price, as does period of high demand such as cold winter spells. Wholesale energy prices are set by the traded market. The daily (sometimes hourly) wholesale price of energy fluctuates with changes of 60% being typical in line with demand. Energy providers determine a price for the year, and although the cost to them may go up, more often it is less. 

Renewable energy generation, from offshore windfarms off the coast of the UK are becoming one of the cheapest forms of energy generation. Harnessing this will reduce carbon high energy generation increasing our reliance on renewables. 

What is renewable energy?

Renewable energy is energy generated from sources that are naturally, and continually replenished, such as sunlight, wind, wave and geothermal heat. 

At the point of energy generation, the carbon footprint from renewable energy is zero. 

What is a kW and a kWh?

First, let us understand what is a Watt (W). A Watt is a measurement of power. In electricity this is 1 Amp through 1 Ohm of resistance where there is a 1 Volt drop across this resistance. Think about an electrical kettle which has a power rating of about 3000 watts. For the UK grid electrical mains of 230V this kettle will require about 13 Amps. 

1000 Watts is 1kW (kilo Watt), so roughly 1/3 kettle. 1MW (Mega Watt) is 1000kW, so roughly 334 kettles, and 1GW (Giga Watt) is 1000MW. 

A kilowatt hour (kWh) is a measure of how much energy you’re using. A kWh is a measure of power with respect to time. So, if that single 3000W kettle is on for 1 hour that would consume 3kWh of energy. The average UK home uses around 3,638kWh of electricity a year. 

As a collective the UK requires about 30GW of power, with average highs of 37GW and lows of 25GW, at any given time.

What are volts, amps and ohms?

There are three basic units to electricity, these are, voltage (V), current (I) and resistance (R). Voltage is measure in volts, current is measured in amps and resistance is measured in ohms (Ω). 

To understand how all three units interact, a common analogy is water running through pipes. 

Voltage is equivalent to pressure, and this is where you may have heard of ‘pressure testers’. Pressure testers provide high levels of voltage for testing manufactured electronic goods. 

Current is equivalent to the flow rate and resistance the pipe size. 

The mathematical equation that links all three is Electrical power is measured in watts (w) and this is the multiplication of voltage and current. 

What is a ‘time of use tariff’?

Tariffs are the price you pay for your energy, this is the unit rate in kWh and the standing charge.  The unit rate will rise and fall with wholesale energy prices. 

Wholesale prices fluctuate continuously, and a time of use tariff is a tariff that reflects this.  Typically a price per hour, to a price per half hour.

Portable Power

How many powerQuads do I need?

This can be a difficult question as it depends on your needs.

If your already a user of a generator for an event or a regular need then tell us what that is and what it is for.

If you want to do your own investigation, consider getting some mains power meters and let us know how much power you need and how long for and we will do the rest!


Are your powerQuads waterproof?

Yes our packs are rated for IP44.

This typically the same or better than street lighting.

How heavy are portable power packs?

A typical system consists of a battery pack and an output power inverter pack.

Our battery system is 35kg, and the inverter pack is 16kg.

Both come in cases with wheels, and an extendable handle for easier handling. 


Is Portable Power Safe?

Overall the answer is yes.  Much more than power from combustible fuels.


Products are regulated for markets in the UK (UKCA) and Europe (CE), and tests are preformed by third parties to ensure compliance for safety and EMC (Electro Mechanic) noise.  All our products are fully tested and compliance.


In addition, our systems have many in built safety features, that prevent overcharging and over use, preventing damage to the battery packs.

How long does it take to portable power to charge?

powerQuad 5 battery packs are 5kWhs and typically take just over 4 hours to charge from empty.

How to Charge Portable Power Batteries

All portable power systems have different methods of charging.


Some charge from Solar as they are being used, but the vast majority are charged from a mains electricity source before need.  Typically overnight.

With powerQuad all systems come with a lead set that enable charging from a standard mains socket.


Ask Our Experts

If you have any questions which we haven’t answered we’d love to hear from you. Ask us and a member of our team will be in touch.